萬法唯心 – Impermanence

1U server – AM1H-ITX 5350 build

October 28, 2014 8:25 pm

Just finished building a 1U ITX server for home router, web and email server with AM1.

Case: X-Case ITX 19-02 – 1U Rackmount
Mobo: Asrock AM1H-ITX
APU: AMD Athlon 5350 (Asrock “Cool’n’Quiet” using powernow-k8 driver)
Heatsink: FM2+ heatsink
PSU: DLH 90W Ultra Slim Travel Laptop Power Supply
RAM: 1600MHz 2x4GB @ 1.325V
HDD: 500GB 2.5″ HDD
NIC: HP NC360T

AM1H-ITX 1U server build

Did have a problem with the install, Proxmox 3.3 won’t directly from a USB disk and needed to install it on to the HDD from a different computer first. Proxmox working properly with the following VM:

  • Sophos UTM Home Edition 9.2 – KVM
  • Debian 6 turnkey lamp – OpenVZ
  • Ubuntu 13.04-x86_64 – OpenVZ
  • Zimbra Open Source Edition 8.5 – OpenVZ

First time trying out Sophos UTM and really like it, definitely one of the best if not the best UTM (home router) I’ve used so far. Still a problem with the upload speed, possibly with the KVM virtio NIC driver. I’ve already disabled TSO and GSO with ethtool, but I can get 94Mbps download speed, but only around 45Mbps upload speed on a 100/100 fibre optic connection.

Also managed to get the Asrock “Coll ‘n’ Quiet” working with the powernow-k8 driver:

modprobe powernow-k8

vi /etc/modules
powernow-k8

vi /etc/default/cpufrequtils
GOVERNOR=”conservative”

Just a few things to improve on:

  • either adding a SSD or another HDD to making it into a raid-1
  • Cooling on the processor, perhaps by diverting more cool air to it. Currently the AM1 5350 does run quite hot at around 50℃ even with the FM2+ heatsink which is larger than the original AM1 heatsink.
  • Change to long ribbon cable for the dual gigabit NIC card to a proper 1u riser

Antec ISK 110 A88x FM2 mini-ITX build

May 2, 2014 9:45 am

The desktop I had was six years old so it was time to upgrade, I wanted something small and low power but has a decent inbuild graphics that can drive a 2560×1440 monitor over DVI-D. So, I decided on getting a ITX system with the AMD FM2 APU, was waiting for the A8 7600 to come out but that wasn’t out as early as expected, so went for A8 6500 instead.

Case: Antec ISK 110 Mini ITX
Mobo: Asrock FM2A88X-ITX+ @ NB 1.10V
APU: A8 6500 @ 1.125V
HS(F): Prolimatech samuel 17
Fan: Raijintek Aeolus Alpha 140mm
RAM: Crucial Ballistix Tactical 1866mhz 2x4GB @ 1.480V
SSD: Kingston HyperX 3K 120GB

Antec ISK 110 A88x ITX build

Build went well except the heatsink samuel 17 is a few millimeters too long and the ISK 110 can’t close. So I had to trim part of it off to get it to fit in the case.

Running at stock frequency with slight undervolting, temperature of system and APU idle at around 30°C.

More photos in the gallery.

十念記數念佛法 – 印光大師法語

August 16, 2011 8:42 pm

至於念佛,心難歸一。當攝心切念,自能歸一。攝心之法,莫先於至誠懇切。心不至誠,欲攝莫由。既至誠已,猶未鈍一,當攝耳諦聽。無論出聲默念,皆須念從心 起,聲從口出,音從耳入。(默念雖不動口,然意地之中,亦仍有口念之相,)心口念得清清楚楚,耳根聽得清清楚楚,如是攝心,妄念自息矣。如或猶湧妄波,即 用十念記數,則全心力量,施於一聲佛號雖欲起妄,力不暇及。此攝心念佛之究竟妙法,在昔宏淨土者,尚未談及。以人根尚利,不須如此,便能歸一故耳。(印光)以心難制伏,方識此法之妙。蓋屢試屢驗,非率爾臆說。願與天下後世鈍根者共之,令萬修萬人去耳。所謂十念記數者,當念佛時,從一句至十句,須念得分明,仍須記得分明。至十句已,又須從一句至十句念,不可二十三十。隨念隨記,不可掐珠,唯憑心記,若十句直記為難,或分為兩氣,則從一至五, 從六至十。若又費力,當從一至三,從四至六,從七至十,作三氣念。念得清楚,記得清楚,聽得清楚,妄念無處著腳,一心不亂,久當自得耳。須知此之十念,與晨朝十念,攝妄則同,用功大異。晨朝十念,僅一口氣為一念。不論佛數多少。此以一句佛為一念。彼唯晨朝十念則可,若二十三十,則傷氣成病。此則念一句佛,心知一句。念十句佛,心知十句。從一至十,從一至十,縱日念數萬,皆如是記。不但去妄,最能養神。隨快隨慢,了無滯礙。從朝至暮,無不相宜。較彼掐珠記數者,利益天殊。彼則身勞而神動,此則身逸而心安。但作事時,或難記數,則懇切直念。作事既了,仍復攝心記數。則憧憧往來者,朋從於專注一境之佛號中矣。大勢至謂都攝六根,淨念相繼,得三摩地,斯為第一。利根則不須論。若吾輩之鈍根,捨此十念記數之法,欲都攝六根,淨念相繼,大難大難。又須知此攝心念佛之法,乃即淺即深,即小即大之不思議法。但當仰信佛言,切勿以己見不及,遂生疑惑,致多劫善根,由茲中喪,不能究竟親獲實益,為哀也。掐珠念佛,唯宜行住二時。若靜坐養神,由手動故,神不能安,久則受病。此十念記數,行住坐臥皆無不宜。臥時只宜默念,不可出聲。若出聲,一則不恭,二則傷氣,切記切記。

摘錄自 《印光大師 增廣 文鈔卷一復高邵麟居士書四》

南無阿彌陀佛


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念佛不分聖凡

March 7, 2010 8:41 pm

念佛不分聖凡。聖指三乘,即聲聞,緣覺,菩薩。凡指六道,即天,人,阿修羅,畜生,餓鬼,地獄。但天以樂故,不能念者多。三途以苦故,不能念者更多。修羅以瞋故,亦不能念。惟人最易念。而富貴之人,便被富貴所迷。聰明人,以聰明迷。愚癡人,以愚癡迷。芸芸眾生,能念佛者,有幾人哉。既知此義,當勇猛修持,勿致欲念而不能念,則不負此生此遇矣。

摘錄自《印光大師文鈔三編卷二複卓智立居士書三》

南無阿彌陀佛

地藏菩薩聖像結緣公告

6:21 pm

Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva’s Statues for Free Distribution

We’re very fortunate to have 8 Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva’s Statues in the UK for free distribution, they are kindly cast by Taiwan néng jìng association (能淨學會). The statue is around 290 mm tall. Collect in person only (London), please contact me for more details.

現有八尊地藏菩薩聖像在倫敦供十方結緣,您必須親身恭請聖像,有意請聖像者,請與我聯繫

台灣屏東能淨學會公告 – 此次恭鑄之地藏菩薩聖像為坐姿,聖像連同底座,高約 9.25英吋,加上手持錫杖,高度共約 11.5英吋;底座為八角形,面積約為 5.5英吋見方。法相莊嚴慈悲,敬附照片,以供參考。本館將於今年夏天再度恭鑄同一聖像一百二十尊,因此,將共有二百四十尊菩薩聖像敬供十方結緣。

Follow this link to see the original letter from Taiwan néng jìng association (能淨學會) regarding this free distribution.

Find out more about Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva (地藏菩萨)

南無大願地藏王菩薩

地藏菩薩聖像

Ubuntu 9.10

November 5, 2009 10:14 pm

Ubuntu 9.10 has been out for about a week now. Just got around to upgrade my desktop to Ubuntu 9.10. I skipped 9.04 on my desktop and only tried it on my laptop. Upgrading from 8.04 is very smooth and easy, I had 8.04 and XP dual boot on my desktop, used the manual partitioner to overwrote 8.04 and keeping /home and other partitions. I only had to spend around an hour to install:

  • Wireless card (WPN111) using ndiswrapper-1.9. More stable than it is on 8.04 as it used to cut off
  • Chromium (Linux Chrome)
  • VPN

Ubuntu is getting better and better :). Support open source! Ubuntu Cloud looks interesting too, might be useful for work.